Virbac USA

Rarest Canines


What do the Bergamasco Sheepdog, Catalburun and Xoloitzcuintli all have in common?  They are three of the rarest canines in the world.

Bergamasco Sheepdog

Most notably, the Bergamasco Sheepdog is recognized for its coat.  The Bergamasco Sheepdog's coat is composed of dense sections of matted hair which may touch the ground by the time it reaches 5 years of age.  Its coat appearance may cause an onlooker to seemingly think this requires extensive upkeep, while in actuality, it sheds very little and can be friendly to people suffering from allergies.  A breed with origins tracing back thousands of years to Persia, the Bergamasco Sheepdog, tends to a herd in a unique way that is not common for sheparding canine.  It can act more as an independent problem solver being a reliable partner for its owner.

AdobeStock_192530223.jpeg (Bergamasco Shepherd in profile. The Bergamasco...


No, you are not seeing double, but you are indeed seeing a dog with what appears to be two noses.  The Catalburun (a.k.a. Turkish Pointer, a nod to its origin from Turkey) nose is explained by Dr. Pippa Elliott in a recent Dogzone article as “a deepening of the normal groove that runs down the center of a dog’s nostrils, but it is so deep that the nose appears forked.”  Known for being a great dog for a family, they do need exercise and stimulation due to their stamina. 



Dating back 3,000 years to origins in Mexico, the Xoloitzcuintli was found on clay effigies in the tombs of Aztec Indians.  The “Mexican Hairless” breed, although well, hairless, is warm and considered to act as a “hot water bottle”.  Its keen intellect and ease of care, according to the Xoloitzcuintli Club of America (XCA), make this breed a popular choice as a family pet. 

AdobeStock_165347820.jpeg (Close up portrait One Mexican hairless dog (xoloitzcuintle,...


So the next time you are looking to adopt a new dog, there are plenty of unique canines to consider.